Questions & Answers on Tariqa Tijania
(Translated into English by Mr Taoufiq GAZOULIT)
Tariqa Tijania : Spiritual and Social way of Islam
1- QUESTION : I am a sister from La Rochelle in France. I would like to know if there is any Hadith which stipulates that the Fatihi and Jawharatu –Al-Kamal could be recited. In fact, it is very difficult to prove that the mentioned above is an integral part of our Islamic spiritual practices. Isn’t following the prophet our aim to love God? I have practiced for two years the order’s DIKRS, but everybody warned me of the danger I am incurring.
1- ANSWER : A genuine Hadith reported by Abu Horaira, which says that he learnt from the prophet two series of Hadiths, therefore he is authorised to disclose the first series, but not the second one, as it may cost him his life, because common people would not understand them. The commentators of such Hadith underlined that the execution of common use second specifications and ordinary concepts of the Charia and Sunna will be enough to the good believer, except those well built introspectively, and capable to transcend towards the maximum.
On the other hand, Sidna Mohamed had inculcated in to his companion Hodeifa some secret teachings, the latter was not allowed to disclose. The Khalife Omar Ibn Khattab came sometimes to find out about what companion Hodeifa would have eventually got from the mouth of the Prophet, among other variant “salats” (blessings of Prophet) usually recited by believers, and the one called “salat ibrahimia” . Yet the son –in law and Khalife of the Prophet Ali Ibn Abi Talib recited another “salat”. The messenger of God qualified him as the guardian of “the science Mohamadiane city”, saying “I am the forum of the science and Ali is the means to access”. Ali recited a “salata” which includes terms of FATIHI. This “salat” is partially thus worded: “El fatihi lima oughliq wal khatimi lima sabaqa, naciri el haqq bil haqq”(referring to the works of IBn El Atir, Ibn Qoteiba, in his Mouchkil el hadith) and Ibn el Faris (letter of favors of the “salat”).in fact the companions of the Prophet often recited litanies which they have not learned from the Prophet, without any denigration of the God’s messenger. The latter have heard one day from the mouth of another companion a special prayer. He had expressly the agreement of the messenger of God- other Hadiths are cited by Tabarany and other genuine commentators.
I mention, among others the Tabiyines (successors of the companions), Omar Ibn Abdel Aziz who recited prayers which are not at all part of the mohamadiane nomenclature. The list is a long one, according to Ibn Majah, in his “Sunane”, the companion Abdellah Ibn Messaoud used to recite a special salat: “O my Lord, reserve your blessinngs and your mercies to the most sublime of your messengers, the Imam of pious Sidna Mohammed”.
The Imam Chafiyi, promoter of the judicial rite which takes his name, had his own prayer. This prayer is commonly recited nowadays in all Moroccan mosques: “O my god bless Sidna Mohammed as many times as the number of his community who had recited, or even omitted to recite it''.
2- QUESTION : I am a muslim who lives in Senegal, very attached to the Tijania order, i do not practice the Wadifa, but I know all its prayers, I have been told that a person who is not initiated to the Tijania order can not and should not recite it. For example I am taking the case of HIZBOU AL BAHRI, which I was told that who is not initiated to it and keeps reciting it, is exactly like somebody who is in a such delicate situation and who does not know how to swim, would you explain to me the Arcanum of the Tijania order ?
2- ANSWER : The Tijania order is an open way, and accessible to all Muslims from both sexes, provided they are pubescent, so to have access to is possible , even for those who do not accomplish some religious obligations, having said that , to be a good Tijani, you have to be a steady practising person, who makes a constant effort to remain within the norms of prophet Mohamud , which include both CHARIA and SUNA. When it comes to HIZB AL BAHRI mentioned above, is a special case, which is out of the ordinary, in fact it needs a special and particular initiation confirmed by a genuine permission, given by a great SHEIKH, otherwise , it is proven , in this case that the Sheikh Tijani himself did authorize it only to a few of his followers.
4- QUESTION : I would like to know what is Salat Al Fatih made of, which is an integral part of the Tijani Wird .could you explain to me its content, using a Latin transliteration ?
4- ANSWER : ALLAHOUMMA SALLI ALA SAYDINA MOHAMMED AL FATIHI LIMA OUGHLIQ, OUA AL KHATIMI LIMA SABAQ, NASIRI AL HAQQI BIL HAQ, OUA AL HADI ILA SIRATIQ AL MOUSTAQIM, OUA ALA ALIHI HAQQA QADRIHI OUA MIQDARIHI AL ADIM.
In Fatihithe the Prophet is qualified as the promoter of the opening of everything that is hidden and blocked for all previous messengers. He is also described as director of law by law, attributed to him by God, and also, he is the guide of believers to God’s path. Some have explained this opening by the first emergence of Sidna Mohammed, being the first human being emerged from the big void, even before the genesis or the creation of the world.
5- QUESTION : I would like to ask you few questions :
1- Where is exactly Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani buried ?
2- Has he got children? Where do they live ?
3- How many Tijani adepts are in the world ?
4- Could you help me to find a spiritual guide in Montreal ?
5- W hen, and who gave Sheikh Tijani the confirmation of his mission? And in which town ?
5- ANSWER : 1- Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani is buried in Fes, in an area called Blida, near Al Qaraouine University.
2- He had two sons: Mohammed Al Kabir, and Mohamed Al Habib, from two different mothers: Moubaraka and Mabrouka.
3- Only Mohammed Al Habib had children, whose number in Morocco only reaches a hundred, the rest are either in Ain Madi, in Algeria, or in Senegal..
4- It is quite difficult to count the number of Tijanis in the world, according to French statistic, the number of Tijanis , during the protectorate era , was over one million adepts only in Morocco, one million and half in Algeria, and eastern Sahara, and around 600.000 in Tunisia, in a recent interview with an Indonisian academic, he confirmed that the number of Tijanis in Indonisia is over Two millions adepts.
5- The great opening of Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani given to him by God , thanks to the intervention of the prophet Sidna Mohammed, started at Telemcen, and was crowned, at Chellala, and at Abi samghoun in the eastern Sahara. that is where prophet Mohammed allowed Sheikh Tijani to inculcate in his WIRD MOHAMMADIAN to those who require it, without any pre-conditions, apart from submission to the precepts and concepts of Islam, the approval to recite the WIRD, and the WADIFA could be given to any believer of both sexes, provided to be pubescent, and to agree upon the terms. It was in 1196 of HEGIREs. As to the WIRD it was based only on ISTIGHFAR and SALLAT AL FATIHI. These two elements have been crowned by the reciting of HILALA, at the beginning of the Thirteenth century of HEGIRE..
17- QUESTION : Iam interested by the book of Sheikh Umar Futiyu Tall "Rimah". Are you aware of any translation of the book ? Thank you for your patience, and congratulations for your site.
17- ANSWER : Concerning the book “ RIMAH”, so far there is no translation, but it seems to me to have heard that a number of Senegalese people have showed interest, and willingness in translating some extracts of the book.
18- QUESTION : I would like to know if there is any translation in French or in English concerning the main book of Sheikh available, and how can I get hold of a copy ?
18- ANSWER : Concerning the translation of the Sheikh’s book , I would like to point out that a number of Tijanis have agreed to translate “JAWAHIR AL MAANI” (pearls of ideas), but nothing was done so far in this respect. Having said that, I have been told by an Italian Tijani Moqaddem that he is in the process of translating Jawahir into Italian language. What I have done myself is the elaboration of the main elements of the order which were inserted, in the 7 quests of the order, introduction of the BOUGHYA of SIDI Larbi Benssayeh, which I have personally translated, and was published under the title “Sufism afro-maghrebin during the 19th and 20th centuries» in addition to my book about the order untitled “LA TIJANIA”: spiritual and social way”.
24- QUESTION : A Tijani adept, who is possessed by a devil , has he got the right to consult a person who is able to help to get rid of devils (DJINN), taking into account that the person I am talking about, is not a Tijani adept, and he calls other non Tijani saints, in order to find a cure ?
25- QUESTION : Could you tell me where to obtain the source of information on SIDI LARBI BENSSAYAH, his life, his route, his place in the court of the sheikh Tijani, and the time he lived…? I have had for a long time a very strong spiritual relationship with this boss of the Zaouia of Rabat, which I regularly visit on my way to Fes. I would like to know more about him. I read on your website what you have said about him.
25- ANSWER : I was enchanted with your links of attraction to this grand Calif SIDI LARBI BENSSAYAH about whom the Sheikh Tijani would have said:” before visiting me in Fes, go first to the SIDI LARBI MESSAYAH’s zaouia in Rabat.” Here there is an authorization of the Sheikh. As for the information about his CV, they are unfortunately scattered in numerous books of the order, particularly “Kachf Al Hijab” of SIDI AHMED SKIREJ. Nevertheless, an unpublished manuscript of the big Moqaddem Lahjouji contains almost 500 pages on the spiritual and cultural life of this grand Caliph. By reading his “Boughia”, you can foresee between lines the interesting elements of his exemplary and ideal behaviour, which has to reflect the spiritual life of every Tijani Mouride. I incite you to read notably the seven requests which echo these strong signs of a real mouride to reach the highlight of the approaches towards “Hadrat al Qods” (the plenary session of the presences). I underline here that I have already translated 7 requests through a commented adaptation in my work “the afro Sufism from the Maghreb in 19th and 20th centuries”.
31- QUESTION : I need your lighting about the Friday HADARAT, most of Tijanis from Senegal, seem to neglect it, they often satisfied with a small number of “HILALA”, instead of 1200, 1600, or more…they seem to maintain that when tijanis are gathered in a group, any number of HILALA is enough: 200,300,500. Does reciting HILALA in a group require a thousand or more ? What is the view of the order books in this respect, and particularly the Boughia ?
31- ANSWER : According to the Boughia, the minimum of HILALA should exceed 1000, and should be done during the last hour of Friday, until sunset. Some KHALIFES such as NADIFI recommended 300 times of HILALA. The reciting of HILALA in a group requires at least on thousand times of it. NADIFI used to greet adepts who live in the suburb of Marrakech, in order to recite HILALA with him, but the 300 times of Hilala was not enough. One case which is plausible: if a mouride joined the group, which has already stated the Hilala; then for him reciting the rest is enough, 200 or 300 instead of 1000 times.
34- QUESTION : I would be grateful if you could clear up the following points for me: I have read that SIDI AHMED TIJANI reported in his book “Jawahir al Maani” two hadiths:-“when the prophet, (peace and blessing on him and his family) went one day to Fatima’s, whereas Ali was sleeping in the room and Al Hassan and Al Hussein were playing next to her: “In fact, you, these two and the sleeper, will be with me in thev same level in paradise, but this isn’t true for others even among prophets and envoy”; On the other hand, the prophet said in one of his hadith: “we were, me, Ali and two lights before God and then he left us in the loin of Adam and kept moving us from loin to loin until we reached our grandfather Abd al-Mouttalib. Then I moved to the loin of Abd Allah and he moved to those of Abutalib. Then, our light reunited in Al Hassan and Al Hussein: they are in fact two lights of the light of the Lord of the Worlds”.
1- Are these two hadiths reported in Al Jawahir al Maani ? ;
2- What are their degrees of authenticity ? ;
3- How can we interpret these hadiths knowing that a saint will never reach the level of a prophet ?
34-ANSWER : In general, a hadith is authenticated in accordance with the authenticity of the Sanad (chain of transmission). Or a million hadiths, according to Imam Ahmed Bin Hambal, was already in vogue in his time, i.e. the second century of hegira. Only a maximum of 10000 hadiths were authenticated and that is why the hadith reported by Boukhari and Mouslim in there “Stories of Sahih” does not exceed 5000. For Imam Malik in his “Mouatta”, he has chosen from among the 10000 hadith just 700 which constitute the current wording of “Mouatta”. Where does this profusion of apocryphal hadith come from? The origin of this euphoria is the Israelit extract from a falsified Bible and words so called prophetic, fabricated by theological organizations and their promoters. The Shiites who are enthusiastic supporters of Ali did not fail to participate, where hundreds of hadiths concerning Sidna Ali. Some of them may be authenticated without any reference to any Sanad. The lack of chain of transmission may be motivated not by none authenticity but by other motives more or less plausible. That is why we can come across some of these hadiths in Sufi books such as “Jawahir al maani” and the “Boughia” of Sidi Larbi Bessayah. Given the credibility of the authors of these books, they cannot be put off especially since the sublime position of Sidna Ali. The content of the hadith cited in your questions are surely among the hadiths unsupported by the sanad, but that could be authenticated. A hadith was reported on Sidna Ali about which the prophet said: “I am the city of science and Ali is the Guardian”. In other hadiths, the prophet advocated that Sidna Ali is considered as his brother, that Lalla Fatima is the most sublime lady and that her two sons Hassan and Hussein are the Lords of paradisiacal youth. For that, to compare the prophet and messenger of Allah, a core principle in Islam asserted the fact to qualify a person, who is not a prophet, of an attribute apparently higher than those of the prophet does not imply the supremacy of this person. Here, it is only a matter of prerogative which does not involve any prominence.
39- QUESTION : I would love to consult a bibliography about the Tijani order in French.
39- ANSWER : My book “the Tijania: spiritual and social way” is inserted in my site, you can always consult it.
49- QUESTION : What should we do if we doze during the wadifa ?
49- ANSWER : To avoid dozing during the dikr, it is necessary, according to the authentic suna, to take its provisions so the spirit of the mouride remains present. If in a case of act of God, the rosary is detached from your hand whilst drowsing. You just have to intercept it as you can and continue your dikr, regardless of the exact number of dikrs you would have done. But, if whilst drowsing, you drop your rosary without realising, then you will have to wash again. In any case, we must avoid making the dikr when we sense the need to sleep, as the prophet underlined.
51- QUESTION : Would you know any ZAWIYAS, Tijani adepts, or Sheikhs in France? I will be very happy to meet them, in order to rub with people I share with the love of Saint Sheikh Ahmed Tijani (RAA).
55- QUESTION : Is there any manuscript written by Sheikh Tijani ?
57- QUESTION : I just arrived to France; I live for the time being in AIX-EN-PROVINCE, what is the nearest ZAOUIA to my place ?
58- QUESTION : Could you tell me about other sources in French or Arabic at least concerning our dear TARIQA, in order to be more aware ?
65- QUESTION : After the recital of FATIHA loudly, some reckon that we have to say “AMIN”, loud, other say with a low voice.
68- QUESTION : I am from Senegal, and a fervent follower of the brotherhood of the Great Sheikh TIJANI, I have read with interest, your texts and contribution that you have inserted on the web. I learned a great deal from Your book “la TIJANIA : spiritual and social way”. Professor, Iam looking for two books, and I need your help. The first one is called "Jawahir Al Maani" of Sheikh TIJANI, the second "Arrimah" (lances) of Sheikh Omar El Fouti. Could you help me to get these books which are of great interest to me? Would you have the French or English version in an electronic medium? These will help me tremendously to carry on my spiritual education.
71- QUESTION : I learnt about your site through Google and its datum about Sufism, in fact I am not sure about an important definition concerning the Tijania order, such as : Achchaïkh al Mourabbi, I will be very happy to read you about this theme.
72- QUESTION : Why do we spread the sheet in the middle of the circle of the wadifa, and the hilalai? And who was the first one to institute it ?
74- QUESTION : Would you kindly inform me of the mystic of Salat Al Fatihi and on the initiation of the tariqa Tijania’s midshipmen on the word ?
Son grade dans la hiérarchie des oraisons, affairant à la louange du Prophète, est spécifique. Elle vaut, selon son propre promoteur, 600 mille fois une récitation ordinaire. Le cheikh tijani a reçu une autorisation spéciale, qui assure à ce dhikr un grade exclusif. Le cheikh tijani, après avoir atteint le stade de pôle, a été inspiré pour la remplacer par Jawharat Al Kamal, élaborée par insufflation prophétique. Il a reçu, alors, l'incitation à reprendre Salat Al Fatihi. Quant à votre seconde question, concernant le grade auquel aspire le mouride tijani en récitant son wird, il ne doit guère dépasser la sublime intention de s'assurer l'agrément d'ALLAH et Sa grâce. Le vrai initié n'ose guère aspirer à s'arroger une quelconque ouverture, par le biais de ce symbole spécifique de la tariqa. Le cheikh a tenu à avertir son mouride, en lui enjoignant d'éviter toute velléité dans ce sens.
75- QUESTION : Can the one who is born Tijani, and who has not taken the wird yet, but deliberately attends the sessions of Friday’s hadra, leave the litany before its end, if he has mandatory homework to do ?
88- QUESTION : What are the miracles attributed to Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani ? Is there a work evoking them ? Quel crédit faut-il y apporter ? What did the Sheikh think about miracles (Karama) ?
89- QUESTION : Is the moqaddem in the tijani order, who gave the “award a lazima” to a disciple, regarded as his Sheikh, or can the disciple take the award from a moqaddem, and have another one as his sheikh ?
95- QUESTION : Does reciting salat al-fatihi need permission from a Moqaddemm ?
98- QUESTION : Are they any expected translations of Muhammad al Hafidh Tijani‘s books ?
100- QUESTION : Could the SHEIKH’s disciple, who has taken the wird, pray behind an IMAM who does not recite the basmala loudly ? Did the SHEIKH recite the basmala loudly, during the prayers of soub’h, maghreb, and al-icha ?
110- QUESTION : Two years ago I saw the waking state the prophet Mohammed, with whom I met briefly, following this meetng. I started doing my 5 canonical prayers, therearfter; I read a book by Amadou Hmapata Ba: “life and teaching of Tierno Bpkar”. What made me discover a little sufism and particularly the Tijani order, with all its wirds and litanies, but some wirds can not be recited without the authorization of a Moqaddem, I asked God in my prayers to introduce me top the order, some time later , in the waking state, I received a formula( in arabic, while iam not an arab), with a number of different times to recite, either in a melodious recitation, or in simple words ; Finally, I had another dream where I saw the face of the person who gave region, or in Liyon, iam planing to return to the order, I need to know whether to go to Algeria, , in the mother house or fez . Should we recite the Jouhara 11 or 12 times, and what is the difference me this formula, who is nothing but Hussein IBN Ali Ibn Abu Talib (son – in –law of the prophet). I would like to know if one can talk about dreams he had to his wife or members of his family. How would I know the significance of this formula, which was given to me, knowing that such thing should not be disclosed to know the address of a Zawiya Tijania in the Paris between these two figures ?
112- QUESTION : It is impossible for me to go to the Friday afternoon séance to do the hilala because of professional reasons. It is prohibited to make the 1000 “la ilaha illa Allah” at the office, so what to do in this case? Do some in silence? Knowing that in this case, it is impossible to take off shoes, sit on the ground and face the qibla. I was told that the ziyara of Moulay Driss Zerhoum in Fez in not allowed. Yet, and to my modest point of view, this great saint is not a Cheikh with a Tariqa, but he is, for sure, among “ahl al bayt”, to whom have referred all the forms of salawat of the Prophet, including the fatihi anf the jawharat el kamala: (…wa’alaa allihi...).
116- QUESTION : The cheikh who has initiated me has informed me on only two affiliation conditions : Commitment to practise the wird and the wadifa throughout my life and the prohibition to practise any other wird or litany, of other tariqas or of living or dead saints. Later, I was told that there were other conditions. I am now asking if my initiation is valid or if I have to renew it by recalling all the other conditions ?
117- QUESTION : The spiritual commitment to a Cheikh who has initiated you implies that he is the only one who has the power to guide us in the Tariqa and answer our questions. Are we allowed to address any cultivated person to ask questions on a precise point of the tariqa ?
118- QUESTION : Does the prohibition to practise other wirds or recite other litanies apply to the invocations of protection or of adoration of Allah, taught by the sounna and reported by hadiths? (Examples among hundreds: hasbiyallahou, la ilaha illa houwa, aleyhi tawakkaltou, wa houwa rabboul archil azime-7 times), the invocation of Abou Darda (Allahoumma anta rabbi… 7 times the verse of the throne etc). Or does it only apply to litanies composed of foreign people to the tariqa ?
122- QUESTION : I read in your site that wadifa can be granted to everybody, without authorisation, could I be allowed to recite it ?
123- QUESTION : Hizb Sayfi replaces 41 times sourate Al kadr, could I recite it, and how many times a day ?
131- QUESTION : First, I would like to express my gratitude for your work that is very useful for my personal development. May ALLAH reward you abundantly. I have a few questions concerning Dalail al Khayrat and the spiritual education in the Tariqa :
1- Is it necessary to have an authorization to recite the shaykh al Jazouli’s book ?
2- If so, do the muqaddems of the tariqa have this permission ?
3- What is the spiritual education by the himma ?
4- Is spiritual education only filled with the wird, the attachment to the Koran and the sounna in this Tariqa ?
5- Must you be an affiliated member to recite the Jawharat Al Kamal ?
Once again, thank you for your work.
131- ANSWER : 1- DALAIL AL KHAYRAT is a specific recitation given to insiders, but as a congratulatory recitation of the prophet, it may be a recitation for any insider, whatever his direction may be. As to tijani insiders, no permission can be given for reciting wirds which are not included in the Tijani catalogue. Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani carefully kept one copy in his private library. It was one of the rare manuscripts that were included in this library.
2- Moqaddem of the Tijani order does not permit the recitation, being of specific exclusiveness.
3- as regards to the spiritual education of the “HIMMA”, it is first to specify HIMMA’s maximum scale, whose creating role is not to be demonstrated. The optimal role of this HIMMA is of creativity without peer. But, is this HIMMA not an insider’s irreversible commitment to Allah’s will? Is it not the transcendent conducting line towards the sublime order of God?.
132- QUESTION : Following a visit to the following site www.alsanusiya.com, I have a few questions to ask. I learned that Sheikh Al Sanusi had studied with Sheikh Tijani. I understand that he has subsequently left Fez to join the person who would become his teacher, Sheikh Ahmed Ibn Idriss. I would like to know if leaving the Tijania order is permitted in the exceptional case of great saints, whose destiny is particular. In such, Sheikh Al Sanussi became the organiser and educator of an order which played a major role in the history of Muslims and the world. I will also mention Sheikh Ahmadu Bamba, the founder of the Tariqa Muridiyya, who, after practising the Qadiri, Shadhili and Tijani wirds, founded his own brotherhood by order of the Prophet. I would like to correct the words of Shiekh Tijani. He warned against the act of leaving his order. I have the impression that these words concern his disciples in general, but not the individuals cited in particular. I do not know why. Could you enlighten me on this subject ?
137- QUESTION : I have a comment on the statistics that you displayed on your site indicating that 90% of Senegalese are Tijanis. As a Senegalese, I think it is very exaggerated. I’ll take the example of the Toba region, where almost the entire population is made up of Mourides of Sheikh Amadou Bamba, not counting other orders such as the Qadiryia. In addition to that, in the capital, half of the population belongs to any order at all. Unfortunately, I have no figures in my hands but those are my own views.
138- QUESTION : Do Ttijani adepts practice the samaa or the religious singing ?
142- QUESTION : I am a Senegalese tijani who works in Benin at Porto Novo. Over here, there is no Tijani Zawiya, and therefore I do not have the opportunity to perform the Wadifa, nor the Friday’s Hailala with a group of tijanis. In addition to that, I am a bit lazy and I do not seem to be able to do my homework related to the Tariqa properly. I have to add that I took the wird from a master, but I did not follow his path, i.e. the path of Seikh Ibrahim Niass, but that of El Haj Malik Sy. Should I renew my wird ?
144- QUESTION : I have been a tijani since the age of ten (now I am 23 years old), and I was initiated to the order at the age of 13. My father is a khalife of Sheikh al Islam Ibrahim Niass, and for the time being, I am a khalif. On the other hand, I am an engineer in operational research (training at Houari Boumediane University in Algiers). I have tremendously appreciated your work but I have not seen any trace nor the role played by Ibrahim Niass, yet you certainly know that he has got at least 100 million followers throughout the world (1990 estimate). Most of them are based in Mauritania, Nigeria, and also in West Africa. I therefore feel a kind of injustice towards him. On the other hand, I have found in the section devoted to zawaiyas mistakes concerning populations and percentage, so I am reporting all this to you with complete objectivity ?
162- QUESTION : Is there “hal” (hadra) in the tijania order? And did it exist during Sheikh’s Sidi Ahmed Tijani era ?
164- QUESTION : I am an American Muslim and I am interested in the Tijania order. I have three questions for you and thank you in advance for your answers. 1- How can we develop or advance the spirituality in the order, while getting rid of spiritual discomfort ?. 2- Is there a mouride/sheikh relationship in the tijania order ? 3- Why don’t some sheikhs of the order bear the beard, as it is clearly described in the Sunna, and that most of schools in Islam confirm that it is compulsory ?
168- QUESTION : I wanted to know why the fatiha is recited at the beginning of Lazim and the Wadifa ?
169- QUESTION : I would like to know if this wird complies with the Koran and sunna and if it is possible to recite it: aoudou billahi mina samii al alim mina shaytani rajim (once), al-fatiha (once), azstaghfirou allah (100 times), surat 33- verse 56 ( once), allahoumma salli ala sayidina mohammed wa sallim (100 times), la ilaha illa allah ( 100 times), sourate 37- verse 180-182 (once) ?
172- QUESTION : I am an Italian converted to Islam and I’ve been practising the rites of the Tariqa tijania for ten years. I live in Morocco but unfortunately I don’t speak Arabic. Since my entrance in the Tariqa, an anomaly disconcerted me: I have been taught the jawarat al kamal with: “bi mouzouni er-riahi” but everyone recites: “Bi el mouzouni al arrbahi”. The book “Jawahir El Maani” in my possession says “Riahi” and the comments refer to this word. When I ask questions about this, the answers are confusing and without references. Would it be possible that the word was changed, left by our sheikh? If this is the case, why did we do that? Thank you for willing to answer this question.
173- QUESTION : I have allowed myself to contact you in order to obtain help. I am a young Moroccan living in France. My grandfather from Taza was the great fqih of this town. I am interested in my grandfather’s writings. Amongst his books, one is called: “kitab el kanz el madfoun oua sir el maknoun sa’ir ‘an mahd koun fayakoun, min imla’ sayidouna oua shaykhouna oua mawlana ahmad tijani radial ah ‘anhou…”. Its author is therefore the sheikh Ahmad Tijani, but it’s my grandfather’s writing. In my opinion, he must have copied it from another book. Do you know of this book from the cheikh Tijani ?
174- QUESTION : Thank you a thousand times for the answer to my question about the recitation of “Kalmal Al Jawahir”, with the word “r’bahi” or “riahi”. Finally, I was able to clarify this point with your accurate answer, and references. Your availability encourages me to ask your opinion about the attendance of women in the zaouia and reciting Jouharat el kamal. In the region of Souss, there are a lot of zaouyas, and I had the privilege to visit almost all of them. But rare are those who keep a room for women. In general, women are discouraged to come to the meeting on Fridays, on the pretext that it is not required to perform prayer in group. I was even advised not to recite jouharat el kamal in the wadifa and to replace it with 20 of salats al fatihi. When I asked about the references of such assertions, nothing precise was given to me. To my knowledge, nothing as such is quoted in “jawahir el maani”. Would you clarify this position of a large number of tijanis, and also give me your personal opinion on this matter? Thank you in advance for your answer, and your patience. Be sure professor of my great esteem to your person.
176- QUESTION : I am Senegalese and I belong to the Tijany brotherhood. I read a passage in the book of Sheikh Ahmadou Tall called “niche of secrets”, and I would like you to help me. He talks about a mystical method to discover the divine names to be used. It seems that this method is also taught by Imam al Bouni in his book “Chamsoul my arifil koubra” . But since my written Arabic is poor, and that I do not know how to evaluate my mystic weight, I am wondering if you could help me to find out about it.
182- QUESTION : During a lesson that took place in a Zawiya, I heard the moqaddem explain that:” …each descendant of Sidi Ahmed Tijani is worth 40 ghaout”. Is there any confusion between “ghaout” and “qotb”? It seemed to us, from the description of “diwan essalihin”, that there is only one ghaout, and that he can take the Prophets’ place (peace be upon him). Are there several ghaouts ?
185- QUESTION : I’m finding it hard to explain my problem but I will try to go straight to the point. I am 28 years old and I often used to go to the zaouia of Sida Ahmed and Larbi Benssayeh in Rabat. Not so long ago, I took the road of the Tariqa of Sidi Ahmed and I’m trying to be as assiduous as possible. My only problem is that I often masturbate to not commit adultery, but also because I have no choice at the moment. Only this is a real problem for my prayers, wirds and wadifa. Is there a tijani prayer to avoid having nocturnal pollutions “janaba” at night, or that would keep me from masturbating at night? To be honest, before taking the tariqa tijania, I would masturbate every night because I have not got the means to get married and I can’t fast, as the Prophet (psl) advised me to, for health reasons. Plus, I cannot take a bath when I want to seeing as I still live with my parents and me and my father often fight about that. I believe in the tariqa but I’m more and more scared. Help me solve this problem. Is there a “douaa” tijani to get married or to hurry marriage ?
188- QUESTION : After having visited your website, I would like for you to talk about the tijani concept: is “the fayda” said by our master to be descending amongst his disciples at a conjonctural period ?
189- QUESTION : Do you not think that this receptacle should be known by all tijani disciples, in order to get benefit of this emanation that Sidna Cheikh tijani has not only promised us but also described to us ?
190- QUESTION : I have noticed that our worshipped master gives us indications concerning this emanation. Why would he give these indications if it had to intervene when we least expect it? I think that the kindness of this emanation (fayda) should be made the most of by all tijani disciples. I therefore find it hard to see that his depositary cannot state it. Is the prophetic seal not announced in advance ? And has he not proclaimed his depository out loud, so that we could recognize it and follow it ?
194- QUESTION : I am faqir ila ALLAH, mourid of the Tariqa Derqawiia/harraqiia in Morocco. I am interested in the history of Sufism in general, and Morocco in particular. I have a question concerning the Tijani order. I read that only one recitation of the salat al fatihi equals 6000 recitations of the whole Koran, and that the recitation of jawharat al kamal is worth 20 salat al fatihi. I do not want to criticize, but my logic can not understand this. I would be very grateful if you could help me clarify this matter. I can not believe that a brotherhood (the tijani in this case), which participated in the islamisation of Africa, can be classified as do the “antitijanis”.
195- QUESTION : I would like to know if there is a French translation of “Jawahir Al Maani” and if so, where could I get it. If it doesn’t exist where could I get this book in Arabic? Even though I do not master the language, I will make an effort.
196- QUESTION : I would like to know the masters of Sidi Ahmed Tijani “bi assanadi al mouttassil ila hadrati rassouli Allah salla Allahou alaihi wa sallam” ?
203- QUESTION : Is Sidi Larbi Benssayeh contemporain of Cheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani? If so, then for how long did they live together ?
204- QUESTION : Could you prove that the tariqa tijania is a sunnite way ?
205- QUESTION : This is my request: I want to know everything that Sheikh Sidi Amed Tijani said about the Prophet ISSA, in his book “Jawahir Al Maani” . It is an issue close to my heart, and I would like to learn more. Could you translate these concerned passages if you have time ?
ÈÚÖ ãÇ æÑÏ Ýí ÌæÇåÑ ÇáãÚÇäí Úä ÓíÏäÇ ÚíÓì Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã æÚä ÓíÏÊäÇ ãÑíã
These is what was written in the book : “Jawahir Al Maani” about “Sidna ISSA , and Saidatuna Miriam” (this is what was mentioned in the book “JAWAHER AL MAANI” about Jesus and Miriam) :
...ÇáäÈæÉ æÇáÑÓÇáÉ áÇ Êßæä ÅáÇ Úä ÊÌá ÅáÇåí áæ æÖÚ ÃÞá Þáíá ãäå Úáì ÌãíÚ ãÇ Ýí ßæÑÉ ÇáÚÇáã ßáå áÐÇÈÊ ßáåÇ áËÞá ÃÚÈÇÆå æÓØæÉ ÓáØÇäå ¡ ÝáÇ ÊÞÏÑ ÇáÃäÈíÇÁ Úáì ÊÍãá ÃÚÈÇÆå æÇáËÈæÊ áÓØæÉ ÓáØÇäå ÅáÇ ÈÚÏ ÈáæÛåã ÃÑÈÚíä ÓäÉ ....æÃãÇ ÓíÏäÇ ÚíÓì Úáíå ÇáÕáÇÉ æÇáÓáÇã ßæäå äÈíÇ ÞÈá ÇáÃÑÈÚíä ÝÇáÌæÇÈ : áã íßä ÈÔÑíÇ ãÍÖÇ ÅäãÇ ßÇä äÕÝíä äÕÝ ÈÔÑí æäÕÝ ÑæÍÇäí ÅÐ äÔÃ ãä äÝÎÉ ÇáÑæÍ ÇáÃãíä Ýí ÝÑÌ Ããå ¡ ÝÞæí ÖÚÝ ÇáÈÔÑíÉ æÒÇÏ ÈÐáß ÞæÉ Úáì ÇáäÈííä ¡ ÝáÐáß ÈÚË ÞÈá ÇáÃÑÈÚíä ááÞæÉ ÇáÊí ÃÚØíåÇ ãä äÝÎ ÇáÑæÍ ÇáÃãíä Ýí ÝÑÌ Ããå ¡ ÝÅä ÞáÊ : íáÒã ãä åÐÇ Ãä íßæä ÃÞæí ãäå Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã ¿ ÝÇáÌæÇÈ Ãäå áã íßä ÃÞæí ãäå Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã¡ æáßä áãÇ ßÇä Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã ßÇãá ÇáÈÔÑíÉ ãä ÌåÉ ÃÈíå æÃãå ßÇä Ýíå ÖÚÝ ÇáÈÔÑ¡ æÃÚØí Ýíå ÇáÞæÉ ÇáÃáåíÉ ÇáãæÏÚÉ Ýíå ÇáÊí ÊÒíÏ Úáì ÞæÉ ÚíÓì æÛíÑå æÇáÓáÇã. ( Ì.ã. 123)
Words of sidna –Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani on the eminent messenger of ALLAH Jesus, son of Mary, inserted in his book “Jawahir Al Maani” (pages 123 and 146), can be summarized as follows : the profecy and rissalah (as a devine message) are a result of sublime theophanic divine event, that the cosmos in its fullness, can not bear, that is why any prophet or messenger of ALLAH, would not be worthy to assume the high mission before reaching the age of wise maturity, that is to say the forties, but Jesus was elected as a prominent promotor in this sublime mission, much earlier, at the age of thirty years old. In this option ALLAH found his rationale in the dual nature of human and angelic Jesus, born of the breath of the holy spirit( Gabriel), in the matrix of Miriam. Some might be tempted to imagine that the prophet Sidana Mohammed, a natural offpring, would be taxed in a certain weakness, driven by the belonging to thehuman biology. The secret of this explanatory statement is ALLAH, thinks to his omnipotence, had replacedthe apparent fact by his supremely blow generator.
206- QUESTION : First of all, let me give tribute to your piece of work and the precious information. I am a descendant of Hadj Omar Tall and I am impressed by the life of this great man. I am researching his life and his work. I would like to know if there are authentic pictures of him, how many children he had (many as I know), who is the last of his children to have lived and is the book of the late Thierno Mountaga Tall: “the rare pearls of the life of Hadj Omar” translated into French ?
As to Sheikh Montaga Tall, recently deceased, I have visited him in Dakar. He was kind enough to read to me some extracts of his work (still manuscript) about his grand father. One of his children was also with him. The eminent Montaga Tall had confided in me his desire to publish his work under the auspices of the Moroccan ministry of Habous and Islamic affairs. As to his father, Said en –Nour Tall, I also came to know him. It is him who had granted, among others, the permission to integrate the Tijani order through his own channel of transmission, written especially by my friend Si Abdelaziz Sy, general caliph of Tijanis at Dakar, and signed by the eminent sheikh Tall himself. Si abdelaziz Sy then took me for this to the caliph during one of the tijani journeys, commemorated at the end of December each year. For years, I had participated in these journeys which allowed the gathering of hundreds of millions of Tijanis, coming from all parts of Senegal and neighbouring countries. For these occasions, I had done communications and lectures about nature, the objective, the impact and scope of this social and sunite way.
209- QUESTION : I sometimes fall asleep a few seconds into my recitation of the wird. In the mean time, negative images come to my mind that disturbs me in my dikr. I see dogs, a chopped head, someone slamming a door. What should I do ?
211- QUESTION : It is with great pleasure that I discover your website, and I recommended it to many of my mourid friends. The site is superb, the references and orientations are correct. I seize this opportunity to find out if you have any data concerning Sidi Brahim Ryahi (works, encyclopaedia, life …).
212- QUESTION : I would like to ask you certain questions related to masters and spiritual orders. No one ignores the fact that Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani was a great spiritual and authentic teacher, but a big number of people pretend that other contemporary Sheikhs are also great in terms of spiritual realisations. Nowadays in Morocco, there is an order which I am not going to cite and is becoming more and more influential. What is your opinion ?
213- QUESTION : What can you say about the understanding levels (les niveaux d'entendements) ? What are their own characteristics ? Which books can you advice me to look at ?
214- QUESTION : I have learnt the Tijani wird of a moqadem but I have come to realize that this moqadem was making the takfir of great walis among who are Ibrahim Niass and Ahmadou Bamba. Following advice of a wise man, I have stopped to practice the wird because how can a moqadem transmit something by transgressing a condition of an order, which is to respect dead and living saints. I have a doubt because Sidi Ahmed Tijani said that the one who would give up the wird would be apostasied. I am scared, and I would like to know what you think about this matter.
215- QUESTION : It is with sadness that I and my wife come to know the hard conditions in which live some members of Sidna Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tijani. These families should be the subject of regular visits to make up for this deplorable situation. All houses of the order will be incited to these “megas zyaras”. The Senegalese example is edifying in the matter as it is rich in education, and perfect in mobilisation. Our couple is to be included in this action of solidarity. Therefore, we propose to initiate even camps so that the travellers of all horizons converge with their presents at the occasion of receiving and of resourcing at our highly blessed places. Thank you for drawing our attention to such ordeal of our great sheikh‘s family. At last allow me to make by writing the informational relay (of 2000 visitors, whereas we are dozens of millions). It will be, in cha’allah, largely spread and retransmitted (zawiya, dahiras, medresa, sites, blog, mails, etc). We should all join in. In the meantime, would you communicate a number of bank accounts or an address for a western union transfer or any other similar structure? Compassion and support to disadvantageous families. Thank you and compliments to your fadila.
216- QUESTION : I would like to take this opportunity to ask you more about your relations with Cheikh Al Islam, El Hadj Ibrahim Niass. Your note in Arabic on the subject on the website talks very little of it. We have been told that you have worked together and also with Sheikh Mohammed Al Hafid Al Misry on Jawahir Al Maânî’s authentication. Do you confirm this? If so, how is it going with this essential tahqiq. It seems that there are still errors in an edition on the Senegalese market. We beg for you to save this tourâth in memory of your two famous brothers and friends.
228- QUESTION : When you find faithful people doing the wadifa, for example on the salatoul fatihi, how do we get into the wadifa ?
229- QUESTION : I am a tijani disciple (alhamdulilah) and I would like to have an answer to avoid my waswas scattering. I’ve had waswas about the tariqa of Sidi Ahmed Tijani and his sincerity. Without accepting his thoughts sometimes doubtful and strongly reject them without exposing them out loud while praying to God to save me from these doubts, to make me love Sidna Cheikh and to believe in him and his words. Has this not come out of the tariqa? So I am basically asking if the waswas, who is sometimes abject towards the Sheikh and the voice, gets me out of the tariqa. Could you renew my pact and thus give me your silsila ?
230- QUESTION : What is Latif Al Akbar ?
231- QUESTION : While doing the wird, is it possible to recite 50 of Salatu alanaby and 50 of Salatoul fatihi? He had the intention to do the wird with 100 Salatoul Fatihi, but he made a mistake about two of Salatoul fatihi. He recited two salatu alanaby instead. Does he have to rectify, if yes how ?
232- QUESTION : I have read a translation of a passage of the noble book Jawahir al- Ma’ani concerning the pole (degree of pole of our noble Fatima Az- Zouhra ( may God accept her) about the pole , our master Sheikh Sidi Ahmed Tidjani ( may God accept him) said : “ he is the most excellent of all the Muslims in every era , apart from any keys of the treasures( maftuh kunuz) that my exist , for he is superior to them in some respects , and they are superior ton him in some respects “ source :http://www.dar-sirr.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=54&t=1743 . I have read somewhere else: “the knowledgeable of God are part of the universe of authority, each one of them has the strength of 1000 men, the strength of the pole of poles is 1500 men, the strength of four poles of the singularity is of 700 men, and the strength of keys of treasuries, each one of them possesses2000 men” http://www.tidjani.com/en-forces_dim_spirit.php. Could you inform me about the possible precisions brought by our master Ahmed at Tijani (may god accept him) and his representatives (may God accept them) or send me information in relation with this issue ?
233- QUESTION : First of all, I would like to thank you for a well done site, and which is a rich source of information. In the column questions/ Answers and precisely question 131 about the Dalail AL Khairat, you have named the ‘Tijani catalogue’ which is a group of authorised Adhkars, in the Tijani order by Prophet Sidna Mohammed (Sallallahou Alayhi WA Salam) to Sheikh Ahmed Tijani. I think that it contains the Adhkars such as Hizb Bahr, Hizb as sayfi and others, for which an authorization from an authentic Moqadem is needed … I would like to know the adhkars included Tijani catalogue if possible ?
234- QUESTION : I mix with a practising person of the Tijani order, a good Muslim; this has incited me to do some researches about this order. I will not talk about the way Dikrs are done, which is deeply criticized by Salafists, and the latter indicate that these practises have nothing to do with Suna and the prophet way of life. What actually has staggered me is the following: A salafist says that the Tijani order has played a major role, and helped the French colonisation to settle in Algeria, towards the end of the 18th century. he says that a woman, whom he mentioned her name was able to infiltrate the Zaouia, and became the wife of his founder Sidi Ahmed tijani, and then the wife of his brother Sidi Ali, after the death of Sidi Ahmed, this woman became adored by the Tijani followers to the point that the latter got the earth in which she walks on, in order to use it for the Tayamoum. This salafist equally reported that Sidi Ali would have said in a speech “to help France the friend of our hearts to settle among us “! And he equally reported that this woman was given a medal by the French colonial authorities for the services she rendered to them. Thank you for enlighten these statements, Will God guide us to the right path ?
235- QUESTION : I am in the process of reading the Wadifa (pearl of perfection), and I am lucky to have bought a year ago a book entitled “« Íáø ÃÞÝÇá ÌæåÑÉ ÇáßãÇá ówhich explains it perfectly. As to me I do find it strong, so I have a headache when I read it. I have felt it has the meaning of a book full of light, that I had the vision of it long before you have authorised me to get hold of, am I authorised equally to advice it to my fiends who already recite the Tijani wird ?
236- QUESTION : I would like to know if thee is a genuine picture of Mawlana Sheikh Ahmed Tijani, and if yes I would like to have one ?